Domestic

AMERICAN BEECH

Color: Beech is typically a pale cream color, sometimes with a pink or brown hue. Veneer tends to be slightly darker colored, as slicing the veneer usually requires the wood to be prepared with steam, which gives the wood a more golden tone. Flatsawn surfaces tend to be very plain, while quartersawn surfaces exhibit a silvery fleck pattern.

Grain/Pore: Grain is usually straight, though it can be wavy or irregular with a rough texture. Pores are medium-sized and open.

Benefits: Beech has a fine to medium texture, with closed pores and an even grain structure. Beech can also exhibit a moderate amount of natural luster/sheen.

 

 

AMERICAN CHERRY

Color: Heartwood is a light pinkish brown when freshly cut, darkening to a deeper golden brown with time, and upon exposure to light. Sapwood is a pale yellowish color.

Grain/Pore: American Cherry has a fine texture with close grain. The grain is usually straight and easy to work with, except in the case of figured pieces with curly grain patterns.

Benefits: It's a softer wood, so easily shaped, and polishes well.

 

 

BIRCH

Color: Heartwood tends to be a light reddish brown, with nearly white sapwood. Occasionally figured pieces are available with a wide, shallow curl similar to the curl found in Cherry. There is virtually no color distinction between annual growth rings, giving Birch a somewhat uniform appearance.

Grain/Pore: Grain is generally straight or slightly wavy. Pores are closed, with a fine, even texture.

Benefits: A strong and durable wood with good resistance to decay; stains and polishes well.

 

 

BLACK MESQUITE

Color: Heartwood tends to be a medium to chocolate brown, somewhat reminiscent of Black Walnut. Color tends to darken with age. Sapwood is a yellow/tan color.

Grain/Pore: Black Mesquite has a medium to coarse texture and open pores, with a slight natural luster. Clear portions of the trunk tend to have straight grain, although knots, defects, and other irregularities are common.

Benefits: A strong and durable wood with good resistance to decay.

 

 

DOUGLAS FIR

Color: Douglas Fir can vary in color based upon the age and location of the tree. It is usually a light brown color with a hint of red and/or yellow, with darker growth rings.

Grain/Pore: In quartersawn pieces, the grain is typically straight and plain. In flatsawn pieces (typically seen in rotary-sliced veneers), the grain can be figured and irregular. Occasionally it may be seen with a decorative curly or wavy grain.

Benefits: A stable, durable material for a high-traffic home. The wood is also amazingly uniform in appearance and tends to have a very straight grain. 

 

 

Eastern White Pine

Color: Heartwood is light brown, sometimes with a slightly reddish hue. Sapwood is a pale yellow to nearly white. Color tends to darken with age.

Grain/Pore: Grain is straight with an even, medium texture.

Benefits: Durable and long-lasting, pine is generally chosen for its warmth and rich history. Pine can also be very effective for sound proofing.

 

 

ELM

Color: Heartwood is a light to medium brown, sometimes with a hint of red. Sapwood is a pale white or cream color. Burls of English Elm are frequently referred to as “Carpathian Elm Burl.”

Grain/Pore: Elm has a medium texture and moderate-sized pores. Grain is sometimes straight, but commonly interlocked.

Benefits: Resistant to foot traffic and everyday wear-and-tear, elm is an excellent choice for anyone who wants style along with endurance.

 

 

EUCALYPTUS

Color: Color ranges from a lighter salmon pink to a darker brownish red. Appearance has been likened to both Black Cherry and Honduran Mahogany. Color tends to deepen with age.

Grain/Pore: Eucalyptus has a medium texture and small to medium sized open pores. The grain tends to be straight and even. Also, since the wood is grown and pruned on a plantation, there tend to be few knots or other abnormal grain patterns.

Benefits: Tough and durable, with a unique natural beauty.

 

 

HICKORY

Color: The heartwood tends to be light to medium brown, with a reddish hue; the sapwood is a paler yellowish brown.

Grain/Pore: Grain is usually straight, though it can be wavy or irregular with a rough texture. Pores are medium-sized and open.

Benefits: Hickory is a very dense wood and has a high stiffness and toughness quality making it extremely durable. It also has extremely good shock resistance. Hickory sands, turns, and stains very well and is known for its beautiful character.

 

 

MAPLE

Color: Unlike most other hardwoods, the sapwood of maple lumber is most commonly used rather than its heartwood. Sapwood color ranges from nearly white, to an off-white cream color, sometimes with a reddish or golden hue. The heartwood tends to be a darker reddish brown.

Grain/Pore: Has a close grain and a fine texture. Grain usually straight, but can also be wavy. Maple can also be seen with curly or quilted grain patterns.

Benefits: Maple’s richness and elegance makes quite a statement. It can also be stained for an even richer look, if desired. One of the hardest wood species, it is also very durable and low maintenance.

 

 

PECAN

Color: Pecan is a soft mid-toned brown. It generally has straight grains but can also be wavy or mottled. The heartwood tends to be light to medium brown with a reddish hue; the sapwood is a paler yellowish brown.

Grain/Pore: Grain is usually straight, though occasionally wavy, with a medium texture. Pores are medium-sized and open.

Benefits: Pecan works well in environments where elasticity and strength are important. Pecan also stains, polishes and sands well.

 

 

WALNUT

Color: Walnut flooring is generally made from two parts of the tree: heartwood and sapwood. Heartwood can range from a lighter pale brown to a dark chocolate brown with darker brown streaks. It can sometimes have a gray, purple, or reddish cast. Sapwood is nearly white. Wood from orchard trees that have been grafted with English Walnut (Juglans Regia) may have a streaked appearance near the graft, which is sometimes referred to as “Marbled Claro Walnut.”

Grain/Pore: Walnut has a medium texture and mid-sized pores which may require filling for a smooth finish. The grain is usually straight, but can be irregular. Claro Walnut can occasionally also be found with figured grain patterns such as curly, crotch, or burl.

Benefits: Walnut is generally seen as a good material for flooring because it is durable and resistant. Once installed and after the initial treatment, walnut flooring requires little upkeep.

 

 

WHITE ASH

Color: Heartwood is a light brown color, though darker shades can also be seen (which are sometimes called Olive Ash).

Grain/Pore: White Ash has a medium to coarse texture similar to Oak. The grain is almost always straight and regular, though sometimes curly or figured boards can be found.

Benefits: Ash hardwood floors are durable and shock resistant, making them a good choice for in high traffic areas, or areas that are susceptible to rough usage, such as kitchens. White Ash also stains and finishes well.

 

 

WHITE OAK

Color: Although there can be a fair amount of variation in its color, White Oak tends to be a light-to-medium brown.

Grain/Pore: White Oak has medium-to-large pores and a fairly coarse grain.

Benefits: White Oak is known for its hardness, durability, and low maintenance. Due to its resilient nature, White Oak makes an excellent choice for commercial buildings and high-traffic homes, such as those with pets and children. Easy to stain, White Oak has a uniquely versatile style and is suitable for a wide array of decors.

 

 

WORMY CHESTNUT

Color: These beautifully dappled planks range in color from a golden honey brown to dark chocolate.

Grain/Pore: Wormy chestnut has an open, tight grain texture.

Benefits: Wormy Chestnut is not a distinct species of Chestnut, but rather refers to American Chestnut that were nearly wiped out in the early 1900s by a devastating disease. Due to the blight, lumber from the once-plentiful Chestnut tree is now both rare and (relatively) valuable. Wormy Chestnut is usually salvaged from old barns and other structures, and reprocessed and sold as reclaimed lumber. Nail holes, discoloration, and worm and insect damage make Wormy Chestnut a preferred choice in applications where a rustic or unpolished appearance is desired.